The Cayton and Flixton Carrs Wetland Project (later The Carrs Wetland Project) set out to restore a farmed wetland landscape in Yorkshire’s Vale of Pickering, to enhance habitats and protect the archaeological heritage of the Hertford and Derwent floodplain. The project was an externally funded partnership of statutory and voluntary agencies employing a full-time Project Officer at Scarborough Borough Council between 2006 and 2011. Since that time it has been run as a Countryside Project by the Parks and Countryside Service at Scarborough Borough Council.
For a landscape-based project finding a name can be a challenge. Names are important; they convey meaning, geographical scope and can carry some socio-political connotations. An ill-advised name may exclude people or communities which one wishes to embrace. ‘The Cayton and Flixton Carrs Wetland Project’, which operated between 2005 and 2013 was a case in point.
This name was coined in the early days when a Project Officer was first employed to work with landowners in the Vale of Pickering, just inland from the Yorkshire Coast between Scarborough and Filey. The aim was to encourage uptake of Higher Level Stewardship (HLS) wetland schemes on the peat floodplain of the Hertford River, (a canalized tributary of the Yorkshire Derwent, also known as the New Cut or Hertford Cut or simply The Hertford). The name reflected the original project area of some ten square kilometres, bounded roughly by the villages of Staxton, Seamer, Cayton and Folkton, more or less due south of Scarborough.
The Cayton and Flixton Carrs moniker was conceived to embrace both north and south sides of the River Hertford floodplain (Cayton being one of the villages to the north and Flixton to the south). It focused attention on the core area of deep fen peat soils to target farm schemes but steered away from names that might cause confusion with the landfill site named Seamer Carr and with the archaeological research project at Star Carr. The former is now capped off but forms a substantial artificial hill (see also The Higher Carr ). The latter, the Mesolithic settlement of Star Carr has been known since early work in the 1940’s but has risen to prominence through the latest discoveries including a rare engraved shale pendant, oldest known Mesolithic art in Britain. [Sadly there is nothing to see there on the ground today but check out some amazing images of the discoveries and excavations by the University of York on their dedicated website www.starcarr.com.]
After a few years of agri-environment advocacy in The Carrs area it soon became clear that a broader swathe of floodplain land needed to be included in the wetland project’s remit. This need was reinforced by applications for HLS schemes from Flotmanby and Muston to the east and from Potter Brompton further west. Thus the partnership came to represent the low ground of the River Hertford Carrs from Muston Bottoms in the east to Haybridge (near Ganton Golf course) in the west. For simplicity and consistency the Cayton and Flixton name remained for a further period to retain the identity and local recognition that the project had acquired.
Followers who came upon the project via social media will be much more familiar with the shorthand name ‘The Carrs Wetland Project’. This change kept the generic look of the project’s original logo, but reflected the broader geographic focus: that seam of low peatland and former marsh, drained by great communal efforts over decades. It was always my hope whatever the fate of the partnership project (or specifically the funding streams which had enabled it to come about) that the name would be something which could have greater longevity and encapsulate the opportunities to protect and restore this peatland which is so easily overlooked – driven past without a second glance in our hurry to the better known landscapes of the Yorkshire Coast, the North York Moors and the Yorkshire Wolds.
Although The Carrs Wetland Project no longer enjoys a Project Officer or any partnership funding from outside agencies, I sincerely hope that it has remained in people’s hearts as a cause – a project with a small ‘p’ if you will. For the Vale of Pickering needs friends and advocates. It truly is ‘An Extraordinary Place’; one which no doubt will continue to ascend in the public consciousness as the wonders of Mesolithic Star Carr continue to be expounded by the team of archaeologists at York University.
Keeping this blog live, albeit with rather longer spells between posts than I’d wish, is one way that I have attempted to keep the interest in and awareness of The Carrs in the minds of local people and interested parties. I would be very interested in reader’s thoughts.
Does ‘The Carrs Wetland’ still mean anything to you? Does it have any currency among landscape-scale conservation professionals? What about ordinary people and visitors to the region? If I’ve played a small part in forming a concept of The Carrs Wetland as a place rather than a project, as Scarborough’s lowland peat then I am a happy man. If people who drive past or across The Carrs now glance sideways expectantly, proudly, even fondly, as I do each time I travel the A64 between Staxton and Seamer or pass along the A170 or descend Staxton Bank into the Vale, then so much the better.
Prompted by an email from the Wildlife Trusts I filled in a quick survey following up on my experiences of the 30 Days Wild challenge this June, the now annual gauntlet thrown down to ordinary people to undertake random acts of wildness every day for a month. Now, we all get requests for feedback surveys on this, that and the other; mostly they are a bit of an un-solicited chore. However, I feel that this initiative is a very worthwhile one for spreading the message of letting nature and wildness into our daily lives so I took a few minutes to respond. (If you took part in #30DaysWild yourself and want to shape the campaign next year you can do likewise using this link https://wildlifetrusts.typeform.com/to/aEvj9h )
As when I took part in #30DaysWild previously, I found that by committing to a pattern of posting on social media (I tried to send a daily Instagram post, which was also shared to my Facebook timeline) this ‘public’ sharing element gave me a greater impetus to try to do something each day – I felt that I was under some scrutiny…
Last time around as this year, I chose to use Instagram as my modus operani, using the #30DaysWild hashtag and simultaneously selecting ‘share to Facebook’ and to my Twitter feed. However this means it goes on my personal FB timeline and not to FB groups that I am a member of such as 30DaysWild (or more specifically ConnectingforNature and Stamford BridgeinBloom, my go-to places for daily posting activity these days). If I’m brave and willing to commit the time perhaps one year I’ll do it as a daily blog… but that’s still a bit daunting and I’m not sure I have the discipline to set to it of an evening after the day job. Posting on the 30 Days Wild Facebook gp seems a good option as it now has several thousand people and so a much bigger reach than my other social accounts but are we ‘preaching to the converted’?
I wonder what others feel and how it works for other full-time employed people? If I am brutally honest I sometimes imagine that the stay-at-home mums with preschool kids are best represented (and envied) on the 30days FB gp for their inventive #30DaysWild activities. I’m very lucky to have a day job and commute that can take me to beautiful wild places, a back garden and village which places nature on the doorstep and a strong affinity already to zero in on natures details. How is it for the busy professional or indoor worker to undertake the challenge? How daunted might they be by the scope and inventiveness of others posting their exploits. The wild experience is just as important, arguably moreso for them, as its more out of their way to make a daily wildness habit.
Did you do 30DaysWild? What are your thoughts about it? Did you share any random acts of wildness on social media? Above all do tell the Wildlife Trusts about it, (Here is that link again https://wildlifetrusts.typeform.com/to/aEvj9h ) as it really will help them to finesse and grow the campaign next time around.
I am not sure where to begin with this post, but it feels right to have a stab at it. There is little doubt that EU Directives have been some of the strongest protection for species and habitats over the past few decades, and it’s also no secret that the Conservative government has been keen to minimise ‘red tape’ for economic development, by putting in place a presumption in favour of development in the local planning system. We now have the NPPF the National Planning Policy Framework, which swept away reams of details planning guidance, policy statements and advice, in favour of more general broad brush ‘biodiversity duty’ which, to put it crudely, leaves it to the discretion of local authority planning departments. So this is my first worry for Nature…protected areas and species.
First, what happens to Natura 2000? – that Europe-wide network of designated areas given statutory conservation protection for their valuable wildlife habitats? Without EU legislation to require it, will the UK government uphold the conservation designations which are enshrined in European law? Special Protection Areas for Birds (SPAs) are European designations, for instance the North York Moors is designated an SPA for the populations of Merlin and Golden Plover it supports. Fortunately the North York Mors is also a National Park, which gives another strong UK based level of environmental protection. Special Areas of Conservation (SAC’s) are another EU designation, for instance the River Derwent is an SAC for its riparian habitats with key aquatic mammals and fish. Will this stand once we have parted company with Europe?
A second issue of EU legislation: Will the Water Framework Directive be abandoned – that challenging goal for raising the ecological status of all our rivers, streams and water bodies – including reduction of aquatic pollution, sediment inputs from land, removing barriers to fish migration on rivers etc. It has steered and dominated major aspects of the Environment Agency and DEFRA’s work relating to rivers and their catchments. Indeed the Catchment Based Approach (CaBA) which has been embedded in aspects of DEFRA work on land management was a logical extension of the need to improve water quality and water level management of our river systems.
Thirdly and this is a big one, there is the matter of European subsidies for rural development, agriculture, forestry etc, including the Natural England flagship agri-environment scheme, Countryside Stewardship, on which the ink is barely dry from a major shake-up and re-organisation of farming subsidies for environmental benefits, including provision for pollinators, climate change mitigation, ecosystem services, carbon management, catchment sensitive farming methods, farmland biodiversity under Pillar II of the Common Agricultral Policy – the so called Greening of the CAP. It is up to the individual EU nation states to design their own schemes for prioritising and disseminating the subsidies for Agri-Environment work, and Countryside Stewardship – and its forbears including ELS/HLS -is our nations version. But the money ultimately comes from central European funds, and surely this is going to be a major headache for Natural England who are just bedding in the new CS scheme and working on only their second round of annual applications this summer.
Whati is without doubt is that there a major work to do both by government departments and by conservation organisations large and small to make sure that Nature does not get a raw deal out of Brexit. In one sense you could say that interest rates and currency flops can recover, but if natural habitats get ‘done over’ once in many cases it will be for good.
Paid a quick visit this week to one of the two constructed balancing ponds on the Scarborough Business Park, Taylor Way, just off the road down to the Waste Recovery Centre at Seamer Carr. Its not open to the public (although the larger pond to the east has a right of way down one side and is certainly visited by some people who know it’s there.) I was keen to see how the meadow planting mix has established and see if anything interesting was about on a sunny morning. Now I’m not much of an entomology specialist and my botany is fair to middling but I snapped a few nice things with my phone for the record.
I enjoyed seeing lots of bumblebees out, mostly red-tailed. Among the other innumerable insects buzzing about the meadow margins of the pond were moths, craneflies and froghoppers (‘spittlebugs’) galore. Some Common Blue and Blue-Tailed Damselflies were active around the perimeter path (though my attempts to photograph them were all but thwarted as they are so flighty).
Yellow Rattle was in the seed mix used by the developer and is good for reducing the vigour of the grasses in meadow sites due to its hemiparasitic nature, attaching to the roots below ground and tapping into the spoils of the grasses’ photosynthesis. A good mix of other flower species were present including Birdsfoot Trefoil, Black Medick, Knapweeds, Buttercups, Ribwort Plantain and Red Clover.
It is pleasing to see lots of Ragged Robin among the meadow flowers. This wildflower likes marshy ground and in the low spots which fill up in the wetter months there was quite a show. The name comes from the dissected petals giving a raggedy appearance. It is actually related to the Campion and ‘catch-fly’ family.
The call of a Curlew nearby piqued my interest and disturbed me from my Ragged Robin reverie, then looking up and listening a little more attentively I heard a pair of Oystercatchers which appeared to be hanging around on one of the undeveloped vacant plots to the north of Taylor Way. They were actually on the roof of a shipping container and at first I even wondered if they could choose to nest on there, safe from the depredations of foxes. These sparsely vegetated plots have been quite attractive to other waders including Lapwing in the few years since they were cleared for future development and left largely undisturbed since then, save for the occasional dog walker and some unsightly fly-tipping around the periphery. How ironic that sites cleared of topsoil and vegetation in anticipation of development can end up attracting a good range of biodiversity in their denuded state.
The site is not a public space, rather a water body to balance out run-off from the business park, with some designed-in ecological enhancements. However I’m sure the developers Caddick’s would be open to permitting visits by local naturalists to this and the larger pond to the east for ecological recording.
Prehistory is on the Primary Curriculum these days, which is great news. What’s not so great is that many schools and more importantly teachers are not as well-informed about the Stone Age as they would wish and need help designing engaging programmes of study for their pupils about prehistory. Thankfully the team involved with the Star Carr Archaeology Project at York University have been putting their minds to this and designing some excellent teaching resources for schools to understand the stone age and make the Mesolithic site of Star Carr, near Scarborough relevant to children in the modern age. Please share with teachers this opportunity to get in early and preview the materials they have produced and give some constructive feedback on the resources. The following four paragraphs are reproduced from the facebook page of the Star Carr Project (which by the way is excellent).
TEACHING ABOUT THE MIDDLE STONE AGE
The Star Carr team has been busy producing resources for teachers about the site and the Mesolit…hic. The classroom activities have been grouped into three sets of units. Individual units can be taken from any set and taught as stand-alone activities. We are looking for teachers who would like to test these resources in the classroom and let us know what they think of them. Please contact Don Henson at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Set 1 – a skills log to develop basic archaeological skills in the
classroom: finding out information, identifying things, recording
objects, analysing how people lived and telling others about Star Carr.
Set 2 – a set of short stories, “11,000 Years Ago”, about the daily
lives of a Mesolithic family: moving home, making things, food, friends and strangers, a hint of winter, coming of age, a new life, the bad old days, boy or girl – animals or plants?
Set 3 – Lessons from the Middle Stone Age, showing how the Mesolithic can teach useful lessons to help us both live better lives today and understand the world we live in: the origins of ourselves, change is inevitable, the living environment, human diversity, healthy eating, what makes us happy.
That little lot sounds to me like a whole term’s worth of material for engaging and inspiring a generation of young scientists to think about our place in the world and what sites like Star Carr can teach us. If you think you know a teacher who would be willing to road test some of these units in school do encourage them to email Don Henson at the University of York (email@example.com) who would be pleased to hear from them.
Geography is one of the great assets of the seaside town of Filey, cradled in a gentle bowl of farmland on the Yorkshire Coast. The town’s Edwardian architecture forms a backdrop to pretty seafront parks and gardens. Steep cobbled ravines descend to a wide sandy beach, sheltered by the rocky promontory of Filey Brigg. Walkers following the Wolds Way, Centenary Way or the coastal stretch of the Cleveland Way, meet on Carr Naze, the cliff-top area landward of The Brigg (links to these long distance trails on Filey Town Council website.) Filey’s natural beauty is appreciated by discerning holidaymakers and proud residents alike.
However geography is also arguably one of Filey’s greatest liabilities. How so? Well that natural dip in the thick blanket of boulder clay, parting gift of the last retreating ice-sheets, acts as a funnel for rainwater falling on the farmland peripheral to the town. When heavy deluges occur (which in these times of greater climatic uncertainty seem to be increasingly likely) the risk of flash flooding by surface water is considerable. Most famously in recent years the July 2007 floods were caused by just such a localized and extremely heavy downpour. So rapid was the accumulation of water that drains could not cope; a hundred homes were flooded, causing distress, danger and damage to many residents of Filey.
Building upon the efforts and collaborative work of the Filey Flood Working Group, set up by Filey Town Council a scheme was proposed and experts commissioned to find a solution to protect the homes from future flood events. After many years of work, consultation and negotiation The Filey Flood Alleviation Scheme is the result, with a multi-million pound price tag. This spring it came a step closer to being realised when a planning application submitted to Scarborough Borough Council was approved unanimously. That hurdle passed, the project team has prepared a Business Case to submit to the Environment Agency for the release of allocated funding of £2.8m together with funding from the Regional Flood Defence Levy. Once the remaining finances have been arranged and the necessary permissions and approvals granted, construction is expected to begin in late 2016 / early 2017.
The scheme design has been influenced heavily by geotechnical investigations (soil testing etc.) and engineering considerations but the basic premise is this: To provide flood protection for the town the rainfall running off the wider farmland must be intercepted by a ditch and a low ridge (or ‘bund’) around the perimeter of the town and directed to purpose-built collecting points or ponds which will release the waters to the sea at a controlled rate via the existing ravines either side of the town.
Insights acquired from the Carrs Wetland Project have been provided to the FFAS steering group, commenting on the environmental enhancement potential of the emerging designs. We hope that the storage areas and landscaping of the earthworks will offer a chance to provide some valuable wildlife habitat as well as intercepting the occasional deluge! Keep up with the latest on the dedicated website / blog for the Filey Flood Alleviation Scheme.
I paid a brief stop this morning at Sherburn Cut Bridge, north of Sherburn level crossing (where the old signal box is intriguingly signed ‘Weaverthorpe’, but that’s another story). I was checking for Curlew on a regular territory on The Carrs. There is space to pull off the road by the bridge so this is an easy vantage point from which to monitor ‘en passant’.
Sure enough, a quick scan with binoculars revealed first a Brown Hare then a pair of Curlew at the far end of the field. One was sitting, presumably on eggs, the other bird feeding in another part of the pasture. Seven Lapwing were spread across the field too, up to four sitting on nests. Another pair of Lapwing were mobbing a Carrion crow NE of the bridge, over a carrot field. Let’s wish the plovers and the Curlews good fortune as the beady crows were looking on from an oak tree at the edge of the meadow. The presence of corvids is a concern, as they could well take unguarded eggs or young if the opportunity presents itself.
This site is traditionally used for a hay crop which the Curlews evidently favour as I’ve seen them use the field for a number of years. Whether they have success in rearing young here is another matter. Hopefully by the time any young are hatched, the sward will afford a little more in the way of hiding places for camouflaged wader chicks.
Meanwhile Sherburn Cut Bridge, in common with many on The Carrs is a regular spraint site for Otters. They leave their territorial droppings on the ledge beneath the arch. With binoculars a good dozen were visible on the far side alone. It’s a sign of a resident population of Otters but encountering one is a rare incident. I think in eight and a half years of visiting waterways and farms in the Vale of Pickering I’ve managed to spot one once only, when crossing Folkton Bridge.